【转载】法國的廚師制度(Kitchen Brigade)

2015-03-12 0:00

法國名廚Georges Auguste Escoffier (1846~1935)把大飯店裡的廚師根據其資歷與分工,成像軍隊一樣的階級制度,成為後世採用的brigade de cuisine。

以下是廚師等級:

Corporate executive chef:一家飯店或企業的最高管理階層廚師。提供建議, 廚師技術鑑定, 制定菜單, 未來走向等等。是現代廚房制度才有的職位。Financial and culinary direction of operation

Chef de cuisine/Directeur de Cuisine/Gros Bonnet (Executive Chef/Kitchen manager)行政主廚: 負責整個廚房的管理。核准菜單與食譜、決定各種食物、材料與調味品的採購、訓練廚師學徒,監督廚房的衛生。現代廚房制度才有的職位,盛行於北美洲;可通過考試取得頭銜。

Sous-chef de cuisine (Deputy kitchen chef)副行政主廚: 行政主廚休息時代理行政主廚職務,廚房中最資深的chef de partie。小餐廳裡,Sous chef很也是Saucier。

Chef de partie (Senior chef, Station Cook, Line Cook)二廚: 負責廚房中某一菜餚廚站。在每一個廚站中,有一、二名廚師受二廚指揮。

(廚站1) Saucier (Sauce maker/Sauté cook)調味師: 調製各種醬料、前菜(hors d’oeuvres)的加熱。非常資深的工作。小餐廳裡,Saucier很常也負責Poissonnier的工作。Prepare stocks and sauces, completes meat dishes. Small brigade: work on fish and prepare sautéed items, often the Rôtisseur. One of the most respected positions.

(廚站2) Garde manger (Pantry supervisor)冷盤師傅: 準備與調理冷盤類食物。Maintaining the stock and preparing ingredients for cooking. All cold preparations, doesn’t perform cooking. Small brigade: ordering, fresh, frozen, and dry

(廚站3) Poissonnier (Fish cook)海鮮師傅: 負責海鮮料理Prep seafood

(助理) Commis (Junior cook)三廚: 某一廚站的二廚的助理,準備各種烹調材料器材Directly report to chef de partie

(助理) Apprentie (Apprentice)學徒: 餐飲學校實習生,負責打雜與清掃工作,通常受Chef de partie指揮

Rôtisseur (Roast cook)烤炸師傅: 負責烤(oven)、炸類食物。以前這個職位是R1及R2的上司,不過現在Rotisseur直接做烤及炸物,所以R1跟R2就不存在了。Roast, broils, and deep-fried, Big brigade: Manage grillardin and friturier

(R1) Grillardin (Grill cook)煎烙師傅: 負責烤架(grill)上以碳火煎烙食物 in charge of gill

(R2) Friturier (Fry cook)炸東西的師傅: 負責炸食物in charge of frying foods

Entremetier (Entrée preparer): 非主菜類菜餚烹調的師傅,如湯、蛋、沙拉。以前這個職位是E1及E2的上司,不過現在Entremetier包辦了兩者的職務。

(E1) Potager (soup cook)煮湯師傅: 在大型廚房中專門負責準備各種湯品廚師Prepare soup

(E2) Legumier (Vegetable cook)素菜師傅: 在大型廚房中負責生菜、其他蔬菜類食物的廚師Prepare vegetarian dishes

Pâtissier (Pastry cook)點心師傅: 製作甜點,以下都要會。細分為四類:

(P1) Confiseur (Candy maker)小點心師傅

(P2) Glacier (Ice-cream maker)冷凍類點心師傅

(P3) Décorateur (Decorator)裝飾用點心師傅

(P4) Boulanger (Baker)烤麵包師傅

以前Pâtissier是P1, P2, P3及P4的上司,不過現在餐廳通常都只有一個Pâtissier包辦這四個職位的工作,搭配數個助理或學徒。

其他Other

Boucher (Butcher): 豬牛、雞鴨肉類與魚肉處理工Treats and prep meats, poultry, and fish

Charcutier: 專準備豬肉及其製品Prep pork only

Aboyeur (Announcer/ expediter) 跑單員: 將前台侍者所點菜樣交給廚房各「廚站」烹調

Tournant (Spare hand/ roundsman) 幫手: 廚房裡讓廚師使喚打雜的廚工

Plongeur (Dishwasher) 碗盤洗滌員: 清洗所有鍋碗瓢盆

Marmiton(Pot and pan washer) 鍋鑊洗滌員: 大型廚房中,洗廚師用的鍋、鑊、盆、烤箱等

Stagiaire (Intern): 如學徒,但其工作沒有學徒這麼正式

Communard 伙食師傅: 做飯菜給飯店職員食用的廚師

Garçon de cuisine: 廚房小廝

原文网址:http://linnako.pixnet.net/blog/post/51067504-%E6%B3%95%E5%9C%8B%E7%9A%84%E5%BB%9A%E5%B8%AB%E5%88%B6%E5%BA%A6-(kitchen-brigade)

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听说真正的熊福岛不是这样,比这里更加美好?不妨请岛主大人指明方向,去看一看
不知道怎么玩?请走而走之,到处转转。
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另外熊福岛上增加了新成员,据说十分可爱。

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